Motivation is the psychological feature that arouses an organism to action
toward a desired goal and elicits, controls, and sustains certain goal directed
behaviors. For instance: An individual has not eaten, he or she feels hungry,
and as a response he or she eats and diminishes feelings of hunger. There are
many approaches to motivation: physiological, behavioral, cognitive, and social.
Motivation may be rooted in a basic need to minimize physical pain and maximize
pleasure, or it may include specific needs such as eating and resting, or for a
desired object. Conceptually, motivation is related to, but distinct from,
emotion. Bounce back from your mistakes.
Motivation can be divided into two types: internal, or intrinsic motivation, and
external, or extrinsic motivation.
Intrinsic motivation refers to motivation that is driven by an interest or
enjoyment in the task itself, and exists within the individual rather than
relying on any external pressure. Intrinsic motivation is based on taking
pleasure in an activity rather than working towards an external reward.
Intrinsic motivation has been studied since the early 1970s. Students who are
intrinsically motivated are more likely to engage in the task willingly as well
as work to improve their skills, which will increase their capabilities.
Students are likely to be intrinsically motivated if they:
attribute their educational results to factors under their own control, also
known as autonomy, believe they have the skill that will allow them to be
effective agents in reaching desired goals (i.e. the results are not determined
by luck), are interested in mastering a topic, rather than just rote-learning to
achieve good grades.
Extrinsic motivation refers to the performance of an activity in order to attain
an outcome, which then contradicts intrinsic motivation. It is widely believed
that motivation performs two functions. The first is often referred as to the
energetic activation component of the motivation construct. The second is
directed at a specific behavior and makes reference to the orientation
directional component. Extrinsic motivation comes from outside of the
individual. Common extrinsic motivations are rewards like money and grades, and
threat of punishment. Competition is in general extrinsic because it encourages
the performer to win and beat others, not simply to enjoy the intrinsic rewards
of the activity. A crowd cheering on the individual and trophies are also
extrinsic incentives. The concept of motivation can be instilled in children at
a very young age, by promoting and evoking interest in a certain book or novel.
The idea is to have a discussion pertaining the book with young individuals, as
well as to reward them.
Comparison of Intrinsic & Extrinsic Motivation
Social psychological research has indicated that extrinsic rewards can lead to
over justification and a subsequent reduction in intrinsic motivation. In one
study demonstrating this effect, children who expected to be (and were) rewarded
with a ribbon and a gold star for drawing pictures spent less time playing with
the drawing materials in subsequent observations than children who were assigned
to an unexpected reward condition.
So NLP provides you full awareness of what level of motivation you need in your
life to achieve excellent level of success.